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City of Würselen

 

Once upon a time ...

Trachot Dörfer

If you are interested, for example, the names of the boys' games 'Markt-Preck' or 'Dobach-St. Jobs', or why in Bardenberg the Grindelstraße crosses the road Landgraben, then you have come to the right place.

It goes back to the years around 1800. At that time there were the first scale maps of Würselen and the surrounding area. On this tranchot map the germ cells of today's Würselen can be recognized. At that time, the village of Würselen had just 192 inhabitants. Scherberg was much larger and had 316 inhabitants. Even in the village of Haal lived one more, namely 193.

 

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Was ist TIM-Online?

TIM-Online ist das Geo-Portal des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalens. Zweifellos ist NRW hier ‚Spitze‘ unter den Bundesländern. Dieses Werkzeug ist unverzichtbar, wenn es um verlässliche und amtliche Daten für NRW und seine Kommunen geht. Ein Besuch von
www.tim-online.nrw.de lohnt sich immer.

Zitat Wikipedia
„TIM-online ist ein Internetangebot des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen, um amtliche Karten und sonstige amtlichen Daten bereitzustellen. Betreiber des Dienstes ist die Abteilung 7 – Geobasis NRW in der Bezirksregierung Köln. Zum Datenangebot zählen Topografische Karten, Digitales Geländemodell (DGM), Orthofotos (Luftbilder), Karten mit Verwaltungsgrenzen, Liegenschaftskataster, historische Karten.“

Nutzung der Daten von TIM-Online

Stand: 3/2020
Es gelten die durch den IT-Planungsrat im Datenportal für Deutschland (GovData) veröffentlichten einheitlichen Lizenzbedingungen „Datenlizenz Deutschland – Zero“ (https://www.govdata.de/dl-de/zero-2-0). Jede Nutzung ist ohne Einschränkungen oder Bedingungen zulässig

Projekte (*.json)

Auf webWuerselen.de werden Projektdateien für TIM-Online angeboten. Diese Dateien haben die Endung ‚.json‘. Diese Projekte können in TIM-Online Portal als Projekt importiert werden. Die in der Projektdateien hinterlegten Darstellungsoptionen werden nach dem Import wiederhergestellt.

TIM Online Projekt laden

Das Menü 'Extra' bei TIM-Online

Für den Import gehen Sie wie folgt vor:

1. Laden Sie die gewünschte Projektdatei herunter
2. Öffnen Sie ein neues Fenster in Ihren Browser
3. Gehen Sie dort zu https://www.tim-online.nrw.de/tim-online2/
4. Öffnen Sie das Menü ‚Extras‘
5. Klicken Sie auf den Befehl ‚Import Projekt‘
6. Wählen Sie heruntergeladenen Projektdatei
7. Das Projekt wird wieder hergestellt.

Geometrien (*.gpx)

Es werden so genannte GPX-Dateien angeboten. Diese Dateien haben die Endung ‚gpx‘. Diese Dateien enthalten georeferenzierte Linien, Strecken, Flächen usw. Sie können die GPX-Dateien in TIM-Online anzeigen.

Gehen Sie wie folgt vor:

1. Laden Sie die gewünschte GPX-Datei herunter
2. Öffnen Sie ein neues Fenster in Ihren Browser
3. Gehen Sie dort zu https://www.tim-online.nrw.de/tim-online2/
4. Öffnen Sie das Menü ‚Extras‘
5. Klicken Sie auf den Befehl ‚Import Geometrie‘
6. Wählen Sie heruntergeladenen GPX-Datei
7. Die Geometrie wird auf der aktuellen Karte angezeigt

Auch andere Online-Kartenwerke (OpenStreetMap, Google-Maps, Bind-Maps) wie auch viele Navigations-Apps für mobile Geräte bieten die Möglichkeit, Strecken als Tracks im Datei-Format einer GPX-Datei anzuzeigen. Das funktioniert auch mit den hier bereitgestellten GPX-Dateien.

WebAtlasDE 2.0

Der WebAtlasDE ist ein von Bund und Ländern gemeinsam entwickelter und durch das Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie (BKG) bereitgestellter Internet-Kartendienst. Weitere Informationen finden Sie auf dessen Internetseiten.
Auch für dieses Kartenwerk gelten die Nutzungsbestimmungen unter 7.2.

 


Download von TIM-Online Pojekten (*json) und Geometrien (*.gpx)

 

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  • A file of unknown type Download Preceding File Preview the file Trachot Dörfer.gpx
  • A file of unknown type Download Preceding File Preview the file Trachot Blattschnitte.json
  • A file of unknown type Download Preceding File Preview the file Quartiere over Worm.json
  • A file of unknown type Download Preceding File Preview the file Quartiere over Worm.gpx
  • A file of unknown type Download Preceding File Preview the file Landgraben Tranchot.json
  • A file of unknown type Download Preceding File Preview the file Landgraben Tranchot.gpx
  • A file of unknown type Download Preceding File Preview the file Höhenfestpunkte.json

 

Preface

Würselen is mentioned for the first time as Wormsalt in a document dated 17 October 870. At that time, it was a kind of country estate with a chapel, which supplied the Aachen Palatinate. The history up to the beginning of the 19th century is closely linked to the history of the Aachen Empire. But even around 1800, Würselen was a village that essentially derived its importance from the fact that the church of St. Sebastian had a central importance for the region.
There are no maps before 1800 depicting Würselen and the area around Würselen. At the end of the 18th century, Napoleon recognized the military importance of reliable, scaled maps. He commissioned his engineering officers under the direction of Colonel Jean Joseph Tranchot to produce maps for the area on the left bank of the Rhine occupied by him according to the state of the art of cartography at that time. After the Rhine Province was annexed to Prussia at the Congress of Vienna, Prussian officers under the direction of Major General Friedrich Karl Ferdinand Freiherr von Müffling continued to incorporate the areas on the left bank of the Rhine from 1817 onwards, but with much less detail. The maps around Aachen and Würselen were fortunately taken by Tranchot and show many details.

Local history

Trachot Würselen Makro Markt Prick Drisch"Only those who know the past have a future!" said Wilhelm von Humboldt. This is a somewhat too theatrical beginning of this section. But it is true that Würselen as a city, the relationship to the neighboring cities, also Aachen, the people here and the traditions are not understood, if you do not deal a little with the past. Therefore, this is about local history. A piece of history that can be derived from a look at Napoleon’s map around 1800.
It is about the districts of Würselen, in which the former neighboring villages can be found. It is also about the medieval Aachen Empire, whose border runs through Würselen, and about the quarters "Over Worm", which as administrative units of the Aachen Empire were always a little different and were treated differently by the Aachen Council.

 

 

Features

The maps consist mainly of adjacent individual sheets with dimensions of 50 cm x 50 cm, which were originally produced on a scale of 1:20000. The location of the elements drawn on the map were elaborately triangulated, the only and then modern method for creating dimensionally accurate maps. At that time, there was still a long way to satellite navigation and the well-known online maps, which can now be easily called up on your smartphone.

Trachot Würselen Maßstab 1:20.000Excerpt from the Tranchot map covering the area of today's city of Würselen
Source: TIM-Online, Projekt-Datei: "Trachot Karte.json"
Click to enlarge
tim Online Projekt


Trachot Blattschnitte

Leaf sections of the Tranchot map
Source: TIM-Online, Projekt-Datei: "
Trachot Blattschnitte.json"
Click to enlarge

tim Online Projekt

Availability

The online geobase of North Rhine-Westphalia, which is offered via the TIM online portal (www.tim-online.nrw.de, see Chapter 7), contains the Tranchot/v. Müffling maps in the category 'Historical Maps' on a scale of 1:25000.

Description of the service at TIM-Online
Immediately after the occupation of the areas on the left bank of the Rhine by French revolutionary armies in 1794, a topographical survey of these areas was undertaken by French engineering officers under the direction of Colonel Jean Joseph Tranchot. As a basis for this work, Tranchot laid a triangular network over the area west of the Rhine in 1801/09. After the field recording sheets, the actual map sheets were drawn in multiple colors on a scale of 1:20,000. The War of Liberation (1813 to 1815) put an end to the topographical recording work by the French officers. Through the Congress of Vienna (1814 to 1815) and some subsequent treaties, the Rhineland and Westphalia were attributed to the Kingdom of Prussia. From 1817, Prussian officers under the direction of Major General Friedrich Karl Ferdinand Freiherr von Müffling continued the reception of the areas on the left bank of the Rhine and extended them further to the east. However, the map sheets recorded by the Prussian officers differ significantly from the French sheets, as they do not have their subtlety and richness of detail. Both map images of the Rhineland by Tranchot and von Müffling were reserved exclusively for military use and were intended to derive general staff maps. 127 sheets with a map image format of 50 cm x 50 cm, 21 sheets with a map image format of 47 cm x 45 cm and 23 map sheets in special formats are allocated to the territory of North Rhine-Westphalia. Since the georeferencing of the original map work is not yet available, the maps manually mounted in the sheet section of the TK 25 are presented here.

Georeferencing

The sheets of the Tranchot maps are mounted in the TIM-Online portal in such a way that they visually represent a coherent map. They can be blended with all other available maps in the geobase. You will find that this works with some uncertainties, not with the accuracy that modern maps offer.
A comparison of the Tranchot maps can be easily created in TIM-Online. For this purpose, the WebAtlas map, see here, is superimposed with the Tranchot map, which is set to 50% transparent.

 

Trancho WebAtlas Dobach Trancho WebAtlas Schweilbach

Two sections with the overlay of the tracht map and WebAtlas
Source: TIM-Online, Projekt-Datei: "Tranchot ueber WebAtlas.json"
tim Online Projekt

In the section of the Dobach - Dommerswinkel area shown at the left, a 'rightward shift' of the main roads can be seen. In the Schweilbach area on the right, neither the right nor the upward shift is no longer so clear. Georeferencing cannot be improved simply by shifting the map to a certain direction to match modern map coordinate systems. The map is internally distorted.

Note
Cartography is about depicting the surface of the earth on a plane piece of paper. In principle, this cannot be achieved without errors. Depending on which method you use, the distances between the map points are not correct, or the direction is wrong, or the area is wrong. These methods, which are called projections, are used as needed. A map according to which you fly, or sail, should be true to direction, otherwise you will not reach your destination. You will be lost. A map according to which you buy land should be true to the area, otherwise the square meters are simply not right.
Maps that are printed follow certain fixed mapping rules. Common imaging methods are the so-called cylinder projections according to Mercator or Gauss, which take place along a fixed sequence of longitudes. Such images are unsuitable for online maps because they would lead to clipping effects that must not occur when scrolling a map on the screen. That's why online maps use a site-specific Mercator image. But here, too, for example, a distance from east to west is displayed larger at the bottom of the screen than at the top of the screen. This also applies to TIM-Online. So, there are distortions there as well.

When transferring geometries taken from the Tranchot map to online maps, adjustments are therefore required. This applies, in particular, to the course of the border of the Aachen Empire (Landgraben) presented below and the location of the villages from which Würselen emerged.

 

The "Landgraben" - The border of the Aachen empire

The Landgraben is a fortification of the Aachen Empire. It consisted of two ditches and a wall in between, planted with dense hedges. The first sections were already laid out in the 14th century. It was completed in 1611. Where the Wurm represents the border of the empire (or in the west the Senserbach in Aachen) the building could be dispensed with. The figure below shows the moat as a reddish border.
 

Arnolds karte aachener reichCopso map from 1777 in the revision by E. Arnold, 1923
Source: Wikimedia.org

Construction

The next figure gives an impression of the appearance of the moat. There are still remains in some places, especially in the Aachen Forest, mostly characterized by the bony hedges that have continued to grow there for centuries.

Carts could only pass at the so-called ‘Grindeln’. In Bardenberg, the border runs along the road "Landgraben", which is crossed by the "Grindelstraße". There was such a ‘Grindel’. There is also the monument 'Jeel Puet', a border crosser of that time angry about the high customs for his eggs. (https://www.webwuerselen.de/index.php/en/kultur-en/jeel-puet.html)

 512px Äußerer Landgraben Aachen Nähe Hauset (2)Moat monument in Aachen - near Klausbergweg
Autor: Arthur McGill, GNU-Lizenz für freie Dokumentation
Quelle: Wikimedia.org

The border on the Trachot map

On the Tranchot map the border of the Aachen Empire is indicated. This is clear in many areas. In other areas it appears only very weakly in the map. In order to make the course of the Reich border/Landgraben available as a route for modern maps, it was traced on the Tranchot map. In some places, especially in Burtscheid, this is not possible without uncertainty. The next figure shows the course of the moat in front of the Tranchot maps
The route is provided as a GPX file. Almost all navigation apps or online maps such as Google Maps, Bing Maps or OpenStreetMaps can read this file format and display the track of the moat there. It should always be noted that the coordinates of the route come from the georeferencing in TIM Online. So, the route does not fit exactly on a modern map.
Use TIM Online and the project file Landgraben Tranchot.json to be able to analyze the route directly.

Landgraben TranchotLandgraben on the Tranchot map
TIM-Online Projekt-Datei: "Landgraben Tranchot.json"
Route als GPX-Datei: "Landgraben Tranchot.gpx"
Click to enlarge
tim Online Projekt

 

Quartiere over WormQuarters over Worm
Quarter Würselen: green, Quarter Weiden: yellow, Quarter Haaren: turquoise
TIM-Online Projekt-Datei: "Quartiere over Worm.json"
The border as route: "Quartiere over Worm.gpx"
Click to enlarge
tim Online Projekt

The Aachen Empire consisted of 7 quarters (historic districts). Three of these quarters were seen from Aachen 'over Worm'. Namely, you have to cross the worm to reach it. These quarters had more self-determination.
Important in the division is the affiliation of the quarters to the respective deanery or the diocese. The three quarters over Worm did not belong to the Diocese of Liège but to the Diocese of Cologne. At that time, when canon law played a major role, a big difference. More about the Quarters ...

 Quarter / District Residents Pfarre; Deanary Diocese
 Aachen
(ummauerte Stadt,
Glockenklang) 
 24.228 St. Foilan
St. Peter
St. Jacob
St. Adalbert 
 Maastricht Lüttich

 Berger Quartier
Soerser Quartier

 913

Berg
Soers

 Orsbacher Quartier  303  Orsbach
 Vaalser Quartier  474  Vaels
 Haarener Quartier  1203  Haaren  Jülich  Köln
 Weidener Quartier  1719  Weiden
 Würselener Quartier   1684  Würselen

The quarters of the Aachen Empire
Number of inhabitants, Affiliation to the deanery and the diocese

 Source: http://aachener-geschichtsverein.de/Online-Beitraege/aachen-wie-gross, 12.01.2022

 

The original villages

The Würselen around 1800 was only a spot with a few houses around the church of St. Sebastian. But St. Sebastian was what distinguished Würselen from all the other villages in the neighborhood. It was the ecclesiastical center. That is why today's Würselen grew out of this importance, which goes back to the chapel of the Wormsalt estate that already existed there in 870.
The figure below shows the visually created living spaces. For each village, this area encloses the recognizable area with houses.

Trachot Dörfer

Villages on the Tranchot map
highlighted by the areas drawn around the recognizable development
Tim-Online Projekt-Datei: "Tranchot Dörfer.json"
Route: "Tranchot Dörfer.gpx"
Click to enlarge
tim Online Projekt

The names of the villages – except for Meissenberg – are still alive today. In the tradition of the Jungenspiele, they have gained in importance again today.
The next figure shows the living spaces transferred to the WebAtlas Maps. Surfaces were moved so that they fit on this map.

WebAtlas Dörfer

Villages on the WebAtlas map
highlighted by the areas drawn around the recognizable developmentg

Tim-Online Projekt-Datei: "WebAltlas Dörfer.json"
Route: "WebAtlas Dörfer.gpx"
Click to enlarge
tim Online Projekt

Inhabitants

The number of inhabitants in the individual villages and their development in the first half of the 19th century is surprising in that Würselen is rather one of the smaller villages.
The table shows that, however, the number of inhabitants is increasing relatively strongly in all villages.

Dorf

1801

1812

1826

1849

Birk

k. A.

k. A.

k. A.

k. A.

Bissen

165

247

278

322

Broich

k. A.

k. A.

k. A.

k. A.

Dobach

37

39

37

66

Drisch

145

227

257

284

Elchenrath

251

380

427

460

Grevenberg

181

285

324

482

Haal

193

275

321

409

Linden

k. A.

k. A.

k. A.

k. A.

Morsbach

427

688

686

1118

Neuhaus

33

37

44

99

Neusen

k. A.

k. A.

k. A.

k. A.

Oppen

71

110

129

176

Prick

28

22

28

k. A.

Scherberg

316

403

405

662

Schweilbach

312

413

460

607

Weiden

k. A.

k. A.

k. A.

k. A.

Wersch

k. A.

k. A.

k. A.

k. A.

Würselen

192

298

326

391

Population in the villages
Source: G. Welper: „Scherberg – Schweilbach, Ortsentwicklung in Würselen“, Schriftenreihe Kulturarchiv Würselen Band 2, ISBN 978-3-942513-19-7, 2013

 

On the Tranchot map you can distinguish with compromises which roads existed in the villages and as a connection to the villages (blue lines in the relevant figures). From this one you can distinguish with some uncertainty paths, which probably had a lower importance and served more as access ways to the fields.

Tranchot Haupt und Nebenwege

Road (blue) and path network (reddish) on the Tranchot map
TIM-Online Prjoekt-Datei: "Tranchot Haupt- und Nebenwege nach Tranchot.json"
Routen: "Tranchot Haupt- und Nebenwege nach Tranchot.gpx"
Click to enlarge

It is instructive to display this network on the WebAtlas map. When interpreting, of course, it should be noted that the paths are shifted, so they do not fit exactly into the WebAtlas map. The streets are still preserved to a large extent today.

WebAtlas Haupt und Nebenwege

Road (blue) and path network (reddish) of the Tranchot map shown on the WebAtlas map
TIM-Online Projekt-Datei: "WebAtlas Haupt- und Nebenwege nach Tranchot.json"
Routen: "WebAtlas Haupt- und Nebenwege nach Tranchot.gpx"
Click to enlarge
tim Online Projekt